Lithium ion batteries have been a craze long, but do they really outperform traditional lead-acid ones in every aspect at present. Absolutely the answer is No. Below is an overview of the two battery types.
Lead-acid batteries have spreaded wide because of their affordability.
They are reliable and tolerant to harsh conditions.
Though deemed dangerous when it comes to the material, they are completely recyclable. Sulfuric acid is safely neutralizable, and the lead and polypropylene case can be used in other batteries.
They are almost maintenance-free thanks to simple design.
They are too heavy and bulky for a given capacity.
The materials, if not recycled properly, could be hazardous to the environment.
They have a relatively short lifespan.
Spillable lead acid batteries are classified as dangerous goods. This is because of the risk of fire if shorted.
They have a higher energy density.
The batteries can hold electricity for a long period due to a low self-discharge rate.
They cause nearly no harm to the environment.
A protective circuit is necessary to protect the cells from complete discharge or overcharge in extreme temperatures and current surges.
Most lithium-ion batteries come out with a special charger.
They are costly compared with lead-acid batteries.
They cannot be transported by air according to safety regulations.
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